Earthquake Preparedness

With the recent tragedies in Nepal (TWO devastating quakes) & w/the upcoming film depicting the San Andrea’s fault line, which is predicted to become an issue for Californians any day now, I thought the below articles may be helpful for preparation & readiness. With that said, I hope the following is helpful to you & your families:

Be Prepared for an Emergency. Be Red Cross Ready!
Being prepared means being equipped w/the proper supplies you may need in the event of an emergency or disaster. Keep your supplies in an easy-to-carry emergency preparedness kit that you can use at home or take w/you in case you must evacuate. At a minimum, you should have the basic supplies listed below:
* Water: 1 gallon per person, per day (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home)
* Food: non-perishable, easy-to-prepare items (3-day supply for evacuation, 2-week supply for home)
* Flashlight
* Battery-powered or hand-crank radio (NOAA Weather Radio, if possible)
* Extra batteries
* First aid kit
* Medications (7-day supply) & medical items
* Multi-purpose tool
* Sanitation & personal hygiene items
* Copies of personal documents (medication list & pertinent medical information, proof of address, deed/lease to home, passports, birth certificates, insurance policies)
* Cell phone w/chargers
* Family & emergency contact information
* Extra cash
* Emergency blanket
* Map(s) of the area

Consider the needs of all family members & add supplies to your kit. Suggested items to help meet additional needs are:
* Medical supplies (hearing aids w/extra batteries, glasses, contact lenses, syringes, etc)
* Baby supplies (bottles, formula, baby food, diapers)
* Games & activities for children
* Pet supplies (collar, leash, ID, food, carrier, bowl, treats)
* Two-way radios
* Extra set of car keys & house keys
* Manual can opener

Additional supplies to keep at home or in your survival kit based on the types of disasters common to your area:
* Whistle
* N95 or surgical masks
* Matches
* Rain gear
* Towels
* Work gloves
* Tools/supplies for securing your home
* Extra clothing, hat & sturdy shoes
* Plastic sheeting
* Duct tape
* Scissors
* Household liquid bleach
* Entertainment items
* Blankets or sleeping bags

American Red Cross: Prepare for an Earthquake
* Become aware of fire evacuation & earthquake safety plans for all of the buildings you occupy regularly.
* Pick safe places in each room of your home, workplace &/or school. A safe place could be under a piece of furniture or against an interior wall away from windows, bookcases or tall furniture that could fall on you.
* Practice “drop, cover & hold on” in each safe place. If you do not have sturdy furniture to hold on to, sit on the floor next to an interior wall & cover your head & neck w/your arms.
* Keep a flashlight & sturdy shoes by each person’s bed in case the earthquake strikes in the middle of the night.
* Make sure your home is securely anchored to its foundation.
* Bolt & brace water heaters & gas appliances to wall studs.
* Bolt bookcases, china cabinets & other tall furniture to wall studs.
* Hang heavy items, such as pictures & mirrors, away from beds, couches & anywhere people sleep or sit.
* Brace overhead light fixtures.
* Install strong latches or bolts on cabinets.
* Large or heavy items should be closest to the floor.
* Learn how to shut off the gas valves in your home & keep a wrench handy for that purpose.
* Learn about your area’s seismic building standards & land use codes before you begin new construction.
* Keep & maintain an emergency supplies kit in an easy-to-access location. (Click here to view supply kit items available at the Red Cross Store:

If You Are Inside When the Shaking Starts…
* Drop, cover & hold on. Move as little as possible.
* If you are in bed, stay there, curl up & hold on. Protect your head w/a pillow.
* Stay away from windows to avoid being injured by shattered glass.
* Stay indoors until the shaking stops & you are sure it is safe to exit. When it is, use stairs rather than the elevator in case there are aftershocks, power outages or other damage.
* Be aware that fire alarms & sprinkler systems frequently go off in buildings during an earthquake, even if there is no fire.

If You Are Outside When the Shaking Starts…
* Find a clear spot (away from buildings, power lines, trees, streetlights) & drop to the ground. Stay there until the shaking stops.
* If you are in a vehicle, pull over to a clear location & stop. Avoid bridges, overpasses & power lines if possible. Stay inside w/your seatbelt fastened until the shaking stops. Then, drive carefully, avoiding bridges & ramps that may have been damaged.
* If a power line falls on your vehicle, do not get out. Wait for assistance.
* If you are in a mountainous area or near unstable slopes or cliffs, be alert for falling rocks & other debris. Landslides are often triggered by earthquakes.

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